Guide to the British Education System
The diagram below illustrates typical progression routes taken through the British education system by students
in the UK. Student who want to study at university have a choice of academic or vocational (i.e. career based) routes to their
Students following the academic route typically take GCSEs at year 10, followed by A Levels at Year 12, then
enter university on a three year bachelor’s degree course. This route is usually taken without a break, so students graduate
from university at age 21 or 22 years. The material taught is academic in nature and qualifications are typically awarded by
Students following a vocational route may take BTEC qualifications at high school, then take a 2 year foundation
degree, or a HNC followed by a HND (one year each). Alternatively, students may gain professional qualifications while they are in
employment. These qualifications can be awarded by professional bodies (e.g. AEP, CIPD) or by employers (e.g. Virgin Atlantic).
Vocational qualifications are modular and are typically acquired over the course of the student’s career. Modules are typically
awarded through a combination of assessment and examination.
National qualification frameworks
Vocational qualifications are measured on a scale of 1 to 8 levels, called NVQ (National Vocational Qualification)
Levels. Academic qualifications are measured using the FHEQ (Framework for Higher Education Qualifications).
The levels are C (certificate), I (intermediate), H (honours),
M (masters), D (doctoral). Taken together, these frameworks allow different qualifications to be compared.
It is important for international students to understand the British education system and progression
options for two reasons. Firstly, your qualifications from your own country will need to be benchmarked against the UK
frameworks, so you can enter the British education system at the appropriate level.
Secondly, you will need select a course that gives you the progression options you desire.
If you have any questions about the British education system, or need to know where your own qualifications fit in, please contact
your student advisor for free advice and assistance.